Planting and Growing Arugula

Find a space in your garden for the planting of arugula — A delicious green that’s simple to cultivate in cool-season gardens.

Arugula is among the frost-tolerant vegetables that thrive in the cool autumn air.

Arugula greens provide a refreshing flavor to salads and when cooked as spinach in other recipes. The leafy, flavorful vegetable can be grown easily as a cool season cut-and come-back crop. You should make room in your garden for this extremely productive and adaptable green.

Getting the Site Ready

Add Organic Matter

Mix lots of compost or manure that has been well-rotted into the garden bed prior to planting Arugula. A healthy amount of organic matter can improve the soil’s capacity to hold water and increase drainage in heavily soils, nourish the soil’s ecosystem and supply an ongoing supply of nutrients to the crop all through the season.

Practice Crop Rotation

The vegetables in the same family are more prone to the same pests and disease strains. Arugula is part of the Brassica family and its close relatives include common cool-season crops like broccoli as well as cabbage, kale turnip and radish. Pests are able to lay eggs or lay eggs on the ground, while disease-causing populations can grow in your garden beds. The growing of relatives within the same region and rotating the place they are planted each season may aid in preventing these health problems.

Arugula Companion Plants

Some plants do better when they grow together. Plant partners can draw beneficial insects, deter insects, or even build soil. There aren’t numerous studies that examine the plant companions for arugula in particular however, there’s plenty of research into companion plants for arugula’s close relatives within the brassica family such as broccoli. Here are some combinations of plants to consider for your own garden

  • Grow open-faced flowers from the family of asters — including daisies, sunflowers , and Zinnias — to draw insects that feed on arugula pests.
  • Interplant with Fava beans to hide arugula from flea beetles.
  • Plant a trap crop of Radishes in the form ofto attract flea beetles from the seedlings of your arugula. The trap plant should be about feet away, and then remove those radishes that are infested to prevent the pests from establishing themselves which can infest your arugula.
  • Plant big summer crops such as squash, tomatoes and corn among rows of arugula that is growing in spring. When these summer vegetables begin to grow their cool shade that they provide over arugula could prolong the harvest by delaying blooming caused by heat or bolting.
  • Arugula can be arranged in rows along with plants that form taproots, such as beets and carrots, to make the most of space. Arugula’s lush, leafy appearance and fibrous roots are well-matched with a variety of root vegetables that create a taproot that is narrow and an upright rosettes.

How to Grow Arugula

When Does Arugula Grow Best?

Arugula thrives in cooler conditions, which makes it a great crop to plant in fall and spring vegetable gardens. Certain regions in the warmer part of the country are able to grow Arugula throughout winterparticularly in areas where temperatures seldom drop lower than 22°F.

When you’re thinking of growing Arugula through the summer heat seek out a location that has light shade. This will aid in keeping the plants cooler and will delay the flowering (or “bolting”) during the summer heat.

Planting Arugula

Arugula is best when it is sown straight into your garden. Arugula seeds should be planted half an inch thick and one inch apart in rows and place the rows 4-8 inches apart. While arugula is an excellent cut-and-repeat-again crop, you could also plant new seeds every two weeks to prolong the season.

No garden bed? It’s no problem! Growing Arugula in pots is easy. Fill a container that is shallow with soil or plant mix, sprinkle seeds over the surface of the soil after which you can lightly cover them. Then, slowly water the soil every couple of days until sprouts start to emerge. The pot should be placed in a sun-lit spot outside. Arugula grown indoors isn’t the best choice however it’s possible to have an adequate crop if you plant it on a windowsill that is sunny.

Growing and Caring for Arugula Plants

Water Needs

Arugula is a native of the Mediterranean that means it can withstand dry conditions. If you’re cultivating arugula in cold weather, you should water your seeds every day until they’ve established, and then whenever you need to. The dry soil as well as the hot temperatures can increase the chance of seeding in arugula. Regularly and thoroughly water all through the summer months to prevent bolting and to extend the harvest.

Scout for Flea Beetles

While arugula may have some health issues and is vulnerable to the damage caused by flea beetles. The flea beetles consume a number of tiny holes through the leaves. Even though you can still enjoy the arugula with damaged by flea beetles but it might not appear like it does on the plate.

The floating rows can be a fantastic option to shield your crop from beetles and fleas when you’re growing Arugula in an area in which it and its brassicaceous relatives haven’t been cultivated for the last 3 years (see “Practice Crop Rotation” above). The flea beetles can survive winter in garden soils so the possibility of a susceptible crop was established in this spot previously, a row cover that is floating can actually trap flea beetles in the cover, along with the plant.

How to Harvest Arugula

Cut off the tender leaves at the point they’re just a few inches long. Make sure not to hurt the tiny leaves that form a rosette at the heart in the plant. If you leave this growth unharmed your arugula plants will continue to grow new growth following several harvests.

Older leaves are more bitter flavor that gives an intense flavor to dishes. Cut or remove these older leaves from the edge of the plant, while letting the central rosette expand.

Arugula leaves that are regularly harvested will slow the process of the process of flowering or bolting. After arugula bolts, the plant will cease to put on new leaves, and the old leaves are too bitter for the majority of people’s palates to eat. Arugula’s delicate white flowers are an attractive, peppery-tasting, and beautiful garnish and the seeds are a delicious garnish also.

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